Rules & Regulations of Super-Cricket
The Super-Cricket is a new sport has been developed by Mr. Seraj ANSARI (India), Secretary General-INOC, the super-cricket is an unique sport and superfast, less consuming time and extra excitement, thrilling and appealing to the lovers of the game. The Super-Cricket is not a sport only for its players, lovers of the sport, officials; it is also for those sports, which are struggling hard to get establish in the region, the super-cricket will generate funds through sponsorship and other ways etc. and 75% of the generated funds will be consumed into the promotion of the Non-Olympic Sports worldwide under the auspices of the International Non-Olympic Committee.
Although a Super-Cricket team consists of 12 players, only nine of these players will take the field during the innings in which the team is fielding, with the 10th 11th & 12th players remaining in reserve in the likelihood of an injury to a fielding player. One player will always take the position of the wicketkeeper, another player will be designated as a bowler, leaving 7 players to adopt various positions as chosen by the captain within the field of play. The fielding tactics adopted by the captain will vary depending on whether the fielding captain has chosen to adopt either defensive or attacking tactics.
The tactics are decided after taking into account a number of variables. These will include whether or not the fielding team has already batted and if so, whether the total runs they made during their batting innings are decisive enough for the captain to decide the fielding team is in a winning position. An attacking field would be set so as to force the batting side into making errors by adopting aggressive bowling tactics and placing fieldsmen in close to the batsman. A defensive field setting would be set, in the event the fielding captain believes his team's previous batting total can be easily eclipsed. The fieldsmen would be placed in such a way; they would be able to save the majority of batting strokes from reaching the boundary for six or more runs. If the fielding captain is able to force the batsmen into taking single runs, the likelihood of a forced error or dismissal is more than possible.
Rules 1:The Players:
A match is played between two sides, each of nine players, one of whom shall be captain. By agreement a match may be played between sides of more or less than nine players, but not more than nine players may field at any time.
2. Nomination of players:
Each captain shall nominate his players in writing to one of the umpires before the toss. No player may be changed after the nomination without the consent of the opposing captain.
If at any time the captain is not available, a deputy shall act for him.
(a) If a captain is not available during the period in which the toss is to take place, then the deputy must be responsible for the nomination of the players, if this has not already been done, and for the toss. See 2 above and Rules 12.4 (The toss).
(b) At any time after the toss, the deputy must be one of the nominated players
4. Responsibility of captains:
The captains are responsible at all times for ensuring that play is conducted within the spirit and traditions of the game as well as within the Rules. See The Preamble - The Spirit of Super-Cricket and Rules 42.1 (Fair and unfair play - responsibility of captains).
Substitutes/runners, leaving field, retiring, commencing innings:
1. Substitutes and runners:
(a) If the umpires are satisfied that a player has been injured or become ill after the nomination of the players, they shall allow that player to have (i) a substitute acting instead of him in the field. (ii) a runner when batting. Any injury or illness that occurs at any time after the nomination of the players until the conclusion of the match shall be allowable, irrespective of whether play is in progress or not.
(b) The umpires shall have discretion, for other wholly acceptable reasons, to allow a substitute for a fielder, or a runner for a batsman, at the start of the match or at any subsequent time. (c) A player wishing to change his shirt, boots, etc. must leave the field to do so. No substitute shall be allowed for him.
2. Objection to substitutes:
The opposing captain shall have no right of objection to any player acting as a substitute on the field, nor as to where the substitute shall field. However, no substitute shall act as wicket-keeper. See 3 below.
3. Restrictions on the role of substitutes:
A substitute shall not be allowed to bat or bowl nor to act as wicket-keeper or as captain on the field of play.
4. A player for whom a substitute has acted:
A player is allowed to bat, bowl or field even though a substitute has previously acted for him.
5. Fielder absent or leaving the field:
If a fielder fails to take the field with his side at the start of the match or at any later time, or leaves the field during a session of play
(i) the umpire shall be informed of the reason for his absence.
(ii) he shall not thereafter come on to the field during a session of play without the consent of the umpire. See 6 below. The umpire shall give such consent as soon as is practicable.
(iii) if he is absent for 10 minutes or longer, he shall not be permitted to bowl thereafter.
6. Player returning without permission:
If a player comes on to the field of play in contravention of 5(ii) above and comes into contact with the ball while it is in play, the ball shall immediately become dead and the umpire shall award 10 penalty runs to the batting side. See Rules 42.17 (Penalty runs). The umpire shall inform the other umpire, the captain of the fielding side, the batsmen and, as soon as practicable, the captain of the batting side, of the reason for this action. The umpires together shall report the occurrence as soon as possible to the Executive of the fielding side and any Governing Body responsible for the match, who shall take such action as is considered appropriate against the captain and player concerned.
7. Runner :
The player acting as a runner for a batsman shall be a member of the batting side and shall, if possible, have already batted in that innings. The runner shall wear external protective equipment equivalent to that worn by the batsman for whom he runs and shall carry a bat.
8. Transgression of the Rules by a batsman who has a runner:
A batsman's runner is subject to the Rules. He will be regarded as a batsman except where there are specific provisions for his role as a runner. See 7 above and Rules 29.2 (Which is a batsman's ground).
9. Batsman leaving the field or retiring:
A batsman may retire at any time during his innings. The umpires, before allowing play to proceed, shall be informed of the reason for a batsman retiring.
10. Commencement of a batsman's innings:
Except at the start of a side's innings, a batsman shall be considered to have commenced his innings when he first steps on to the field of play, provided Time has not been called. The innings of the opening batsmen, and that of any new batsman at the resumption of play after a call of Time, shall commence at the call of Play.
The Umpires :
1. Appointment and attendance:
Before the match, two umpires shall be appointed, one for each end, to control the game as required by the Rules, with absolute impartiality. The umpires shall be present on the ground and report to the Executive of the ground at least 45 minutes before the scheduled start of each day's play.
2. Change of umpire:
An umpire shall not be changed during the match, other than in exceptional circumstances, unless he is injured or ill. If there has to be a change of umpire, the replacement shall act only as the striker's end umpire unless the captains agree that he should take full responsibility as an umpire.
3. Agreement with captains:
Before the toss the umpires shall
(a) ascertain the hours of play and agree with the captains (i) the balls to be used during the match. See Rules 5 (The ball). (ii) times and duration's of intervals for meals and times for drinks intervals. See Rules 15. (iii) The boundary of the field of play and allowances for boundaries. See Rules 19 (Boundaries). (iv) Any special conditions of play affecting the conduct of the match.
(b) inform the scorers of the agreements in (ii), (iii) and (iv) above.
4. To inform captains and scorers:
Before the toss the umpires shall agree between themselves and inform both captains and both scorers
(i) which clock or watch and back-up time piece is to be used during the match. (ii) whether or not any obstacle within the field of play is to be regarded as a boundary. See Rules 19 (Boundaries).
5. The wickets, creases and boundaries:
Before the toss and during the match, the umpires shall satisfy themselves that (i) the wickets are properly pitched. (ii) the creases are correctly marked. (iii) the boundary of the field of play complies with the requirements of Rules 19.2 (Defining the boundary - boundary marking).
6. Conduct of the game, implements and equipment:
Before the toss and during the match, the umpires shall satisfy themselves that (a) the conduct of the game is strictly in accordance with the Rules. (b) the implements of the game conform to the requirements of Rules 5 (The ball) and Rules 6 (The bat), together with either Rules 8.2 (Size of stumps) and 8.3 (The bails) or, if appropriate, Rules 8.4 (Junior super-cricket). (c) (i) no player uses equipment other than that permitted. See Appendix D. (ii) the wicket-keeper's gloves comply with the requirements of Rules 40.2 (Gloves).
7. Fair and unfair play:
The umpires shall be the sole judges of fair and unfair play.
8. Fitness of ground, weather and light The umpires shall be the final judges of the fitness of the ground, weather and light for play.
9. Suspension of play for adverse conditions of ground, weather or light:
(a) (i) All references to ground include the pitch. See Rules 7.1 (Area of pitch). (b) For the purpose of this Rules and Rules 15.
10. Exceptional circumstances:
The umpires shall have the discretion to implement the procedures of 9 above for reasons other than ground, weather or light if they consider that exceptional circumstances warrant it.
11. Position of umpires:
The umpires shall stand where they can best see any act upon which their decision may be required. Subject to this over-riding consideration the umpire at the bowler's end shall stand where he does not interfere with either the bowler's run up or the striker's view. The umpire at the striker's end may elect to stand on the off side instead of the on side of the pitch, provided he informs the captain of the fielding side, the striker and the other umpire of his intention to do so.
12. Umpires changing ends:
The umpires shall change ends after each side has had one completed innings.
13. Consultation between umpires:
All disputes shall be determined by the umpires. The umpires shall consult with each other whenever necessary. See also Rules 27.6 (Consultation by umpires).
(a) The following code of signals shall be used by umpires. (i) Signals made while the ball is in play Dead ball - by crossing and re-crossing the wrists below the waist. No ball - by extending one arm horizontally. Out - by raising an index finger above the head. (If not out the umpire shall call Not out.) Wide - by extending both arms horizontally. (ii) When the ball is dead, the signals above, with the exception of the signal for Out, shall be repeated to the scorers. The signals listed below shall be made to the scorers only when the ball is dead. Boundary Six (6) - by waving an arm from side to side finishing with the arm across the chest. Boundary Super Six (10) - by raising both arms above the head. Bye - by raising an open hand above the head. Commencement of last hour - by pointing to a raised wrist with the other hand. Ten penalty runs awarded to the batting side - by repeated tapping of one shoulder to the batting side with the opposite hand. Ten penalty runs awarded to the fielding side - by placing one hand on the opposite to the fielding side shoulder. Leg bye - by touching a raised knee with the hand. New ball - by holding the ball above the head. Revoke last signal - by touching both shoulders, each with the opposite hand. Short run - by bending one arm upwards and touching the nearer shoulder with the tips of the fingers.
(b) The umpires shall wait until each signal to the scorers has been separately acknowledged by a scorer before allowing play to proceed. (c) NPZ-Non-Playing Zone- by extending both arm middle of the chest
15. Correctness of scores:
Consultation between umpires and scorers on doubtful points is essential. The umpires shall satisfy themselves as to the correctness of the number of runs scored, the wickets that have fallen and, where appropriate, the number of overs bowled. They shall agree these with the scorers at least at a drinks interval, and at the conclusion of the match. See Rules 4.2 (Correctness of scores), 21.8 (Correctness of result) and 21.10 (Result not to be changed).
1. Appointment of scorers:
Two scorers shall be appointed to record all runs scored, all wickets taken, and, where appropriate, number of overs bowled and number of played ball in no playing zone area.
ctness of scores:
The scorers shall frequently check to ensure that their records agree. They shall agree with the umpires, at least at a drinks interval, and at the conclusion of the match, the runs scored, the wickets that have fallen and, where appropriate, the number of overs bowled and number of played ball in no playing zone area.. See Rules 3.15 (Correctness of scores).
3. Acknowledging signals:
The scorers shall accept all instructions and signals given to them by the umpires. They shall immediately acknowledge each separate signal.
1. Weight and size:
The ball, when new, shall weigh not less than 51/2 ounces/155.9g, nor more than 53/4 ounces/163g, and shall measure not less than 8 13/16 in/22.4cm, nor more than 9 in/22.9cm in circumference.
2. Approval and control of balls:
(a) All balls to be used in the match, having been approved by the umpires and captains, shall be in the possession of the umpires before the toss and shall remain under their control throughout the match.
(b) The umpire shall take possession of the ball in use at the fall of each wicket, at the start of any interval and at any interruption of play.
3. New ball:
Unless an agreement to the contrary has been made before the match, either captain may demand a new ball at the start of each innings.
4. Ball lost or becoming unfit for play:
If, during play, the ball cannot be found or recovered or the umpires agree that it has become unfit for play through normal use, the umpires shall replace it with a ball which has had wear comparable with that which the previous ball had received before the need for its replacement. When the ball is replaced the umpires shall inform the batsmen and the fielding captain.
The specifications as described in 1 above shall apply to men's super-cricket only. The following specifications will apply to (i) Women's Super-cricket Weight: from 4 15/16 ounces/140g to 5 5/16 ounces /151g Circumference: from 81/4 in/21.0cm to 8 7/8 in/22.5cm (ii) Junior super-cricket - under 13 Weight: from 4 11/16 ounces/133g to 5 1/16 ounces/144g Circumference: from 8 1/16 in/20.5cm to 8 11/16 in/22.0cm
1. Width and length:
The bat overall shall not be more than 38 inches/96.5cm in length. The blade of the bat shall be made solely of wood and shall not exceed 4 1/4 inches/10.8cm at the widest part.
2. Covering the blade:
The blade may be covered with material for protection, strengthening or repair. Such material shall not exceed 1/16 inches/1.56mm in thickness, and shall not be likely to cause unacceptable damage to the ball.
3. Hand or glove to count as part of bat:
In these Rules
(a) reference to the bat shall imply that the bat is held by the batsman.
(b) contact between the ball and either
(i) the striker's bat itself or
(iii) any part of a glove worn on the striker's hand holding the bat shall be regarded as the ball striking or touching the bat, or being struck by the bat
1. Area of pitch:
The pitch is a rectangular area of the ground 21.37m in length and 12ft/3.66m in width. It is bounded at either end by the bowling creases and on either side by imaginary lines, one each side of the imaginary line joining the centres of the two middle stumps, each parallel to it and 6ft/1.83m from it. See Rules 8.1 (Width and pitching) and Rules 9.2 (The bowling crease).
2. Fitness of the pitch for play:
The umpires shall be the final judges of the fitness of the pitch for play. See Rules 3.8 (Fitness of ground, weather and light) and 3.9 (Suspension of play for adverse conditions of ground, weather or light).
3. Selection and preparation:
Before the match, the Ground Authority shall be responsible for the selection and preparation of the pitch. During the match, the umpires shall control its use and maintenance.
4. Changing the pitch:
The pitch shall not be changed during the match unless the umpires decide that it is unreasonable or dangerous for play to continue on it and then only with the consent of both captains.
5. Non-turf pitches:
In the event of a non-turf pitch being used, the artificial surface shall conform to the following measurements: Length - a minimum of 58ft/17.68m Width - a minimum of 6ft/1.83m See Rules 10.8 (Non-turf pitches).
1. Width and pitching:
Two sets of wickets shall be pitched opposite and parallel to each other at a distance of 21.37m between the centres of the two middle stumps. Each set shall be 12.63 in/32.07cm wide and shall consist of four wooden stumps with three wooden bails on top. See Appendix A.
2. Size of stumps:
The tops of the stumps shall be 28 inches/71.1cm above the playing surface and shall be dome shaped except for the bail grooves. The portion of a stump above the playing surface shall be cylindrical, apart from the domed top, with circular section of diameter not less than 1 3/8 in/3.49cm nor more than 11/2 in/3.81cm See Appendix A.
3. The bails:
(a) The bails, when in position on the top of the stumps,
(i) shall not project more than 1/2 in/1.27cm above them.
(ii) shall fit between the stumps without forcing them out of the vertical.
(b) Each bail shall conform to the following specifications. See Appendix A. Overall length: - 4 5/16 in/10.95cm Length of barrel: - 2 1/8 in/5.40cm Longer spigot: - 1 3/8 in/3.49cm Shorter spigot: - 13/16 in/2.06cm
4. Junior super-cricket:
In junior super-cricket, the same definitions of the wickets shall apply subject to following measurements being used.
Width: - 11.63 in/29.54cm
Pitched for under 13: - 19.20m
Pitched for under 11: - 18.29m
Pitched for under 9: - 16.46m
Height above playing surface: - 27 in/68.58cm
Diameter: - not less than 1 1/4 in/3.18cm
nor more than 1 3/8 in/3.49cm
Overall: - 3 13/16 in/9.68cm
Barrel: - 1 13/16 in/4.60cm
Longer Spigot: - 1 1/4 in/3.18cm
Shorter Spigot: - 3/4 in/1.91cm
5. Dispensing with bails:
The umpires may agree to dispense with the use of bails, if necessary. If they so agree then no bails shall be used at either end. The use of bails shall be resumed as soon as conditions permit. See Rules 28.4 (Dispensing with bails).
Bowling, Popping, Return Creases and No Playing Zone Area:
1. The creases
A bowling crease, a popping crease and two return creases shall be marked in arrange, as set out in 2, 3 and 4 below, at each end of the pitch. See Appendix B.
2. The bowling crease
The bowling crease, which is the back edge of the crease marking, shall be the line through the centres of the four stumps at that end. It shall be 8ft 8 in/2.64m in length, with the stumps in the centre.
3. The popping crease
The popping crease, which is the back edge of the crease marking, shall be in front of and parallel to the bowling crease and shall be 4ft/1.22m from it. The popping crease shall be marked to a minimum of 6ft/1.83m on either side of the imaginary line joining the centres of the two middle stumps and shall be considered to be unlimited in length.
4. The return creases
The return creases, which are the inside edges of the crease markings, shall be at right angles to the popping crease at a distance of 4ft 4 in/1.32m either side of the imaginary line joining the centres of the two middle stumps. Each return crease shall be marked from the popping crease to a minimum of 8ft/2.44m behind it and shall be considered to be unlimited in length.
5. No Playing Zone Area
The no playing zone area, which are the inside edges of the pitch marking, shall be at inside of popping crease at a rectangular area 10 x 20 fts and on either side by imaginary lines, one each side of the imaginary line joining the centres of the two middle stumps, each parallel to it and 6ft/1.83m from it. See the APPENDIX B
The pitch shall not be rolled during the match except as permitted in (a) and (b) below. (a) Frequency and duration of rolling During the match the pitch may be rolled at the request of the captain of the batting side, for a period of not more than 7 minutes, before the start of each innings, (b) Rolling after a delayed start In addition to the rolling permitted above, if, after the toss and before the first innings of the match, the start is delayed, the captain of the batting side may request to have the pitch rolled for not more than 7 minutes. However, if the umpires together agree that the delay has had no significant effect on the state of the pitch, they shall refuse the request for the rolling of the pitch.
(a) If rolling is to take place the pitch shall first be swept to avoid any possible damage by rolling in debris. This sweeping shall be done so that the 7 minutes allowed for rolling is not affected.
(b) The pitch shall be cleared of any debris between innings
(c) Notwithstanding the provisions of (a) and (b) above, the umpires shall not allow sweeping to take place where they consider it may be detrimental to the surface of the pitch.
(a) The pitch:
The pitch shall be mown on each day of the match on which play is expected to take place, if ground and weather conditions allow.
(b) The outfield:
In order to ensure that conditions are as similar as possible for both sides, the outfield shall be mown on each day of the match on which play is expected to take place, if ground and weather conditions allow. If, for reasons other than ground and weather conditions, complete mowing of the outfield is not possible, the Ground Authority shall notify the captains and umpires of the procedure to be adopted for such mowing during the match.
(c) Responsibility for mowing:
All mowings which are carried out before the match shall be the responsibility of the Ground Authority. All subsequent mowings shall be carried out under the supervision of the umpires.
(d) Timing of mowing:
Mowing of the pitch on any day of the match shall be completed not later than 30 minutes before the time scheduled or rescheduled for play to begin on that day.
The pitch shall not be watered during the match.
5. Re-marking creases. The creases shall be re-marked whenever either umpire considers it necessary.
6. Maintenance of footholes. The umpires shall ensure that the holes made by the bowlers and batsmen are cleaned out and dried whenever necessary to facilitate play. In matches of more than one day's duration, the umpires shall allow, if necessary, the re-turfing of footholes made by the bowler in his delivery stride, or the use of quick-setting fillings for the same purpose.
7.Securing of footholds and maintenance of pitch. During play, the umpires shall allow the players to secure their footholds by the use of sawdust provided that no damage to the pitch is caused and that Rules 42 (Fair and unfair play) is not contravened.
8. Non-turf pitches. Wherever appropriate, the provisions set out in 1 to 7 above shall apply.
Covering the Pitch
1. Before the match:
The use of covers before the match is the responsibility of the Ground Authority and may include full covering if required. However, the Ground Authority shall grant suitable facility to the captains to inspect the pitch before the nomination of their players and to the umpires to discharge their duties as laid down in Rules 3 (The umpires), Rules 7 (The pitch), Rules 8 (The wickets), Rules 9 (The bowling, popping and return creases, no playing zone area) and Rules 10 (Preparation and maintenance of the playing area).
2. During the match:
The pitch shall not be completely covered during the match unless provided otherwise by regulations or by agreement before the toss.
3. Covering bowlers' run ups:
Whenever possible, the bowlers' run ups shall be covered in inclement weather, in order to keep them dry. Unless there is agreement for full covering under 2 above the covers so used shall not extend further than 5ft/1.52m in front of each popping crease.
4. Removal of covers
(a) If after the toss the pitch is covered overnight, the covers shall be removed in the morning at the earliest possible moment on each day that play is expected to take place. (b) If covers are used during the day as protection from inclement weather, or if inclement weather delays the removal of overnight covers, they shall be removed promptly as soon as conditions allow.
1. Number of innings:
(a) A match shall be one innings of each side according to agreement reached before the match.
(b) in a one innings match it shall apply to both innings.
2. Completed innings:
(a) in the case of an agreement under 1(b) above, either
(i) the prescribed number of overs has been bowled or
(ii) the prescribed time has expired.
4. The toss:
The captains shall toss for the choice of innings on the field of play not earlier than 30 minutes, nor later than 15 minutes, before the scheduled or any rescheduled time for the match to start.
5. Decision to be notified:
The captain of the side winning the toss shall notify the opposing captain of his decision to bat or to field, not later than 10 minutes before the scheduled or any rescheduled time for the match to start. Once notified the decision may not be altered.
1. Playing disallowed in NPZ - no playing zone area:
(1) Playing on NPZ - no playing zone area, the playing is disallowed in NPZ - no playing zone area for batsmen, if any batsmen played stroke in NPZ four times, batsmen will be awarded Out. If fielding side appeal with NPZ with umpire for NPZ, and umpire call third umpire for right decision, the following provisions shall also adopt (1) if batsmen played ball by bat in NPZ area four times shall Out.
(a) Playing on NPZ - no playing zone area, the playing is disallowed in NPZ - no playing zone area for batsmen, if any batsmen played stroke in NPZ four times, batsmen will be awarded Out. If fielding side appeal with NPZ with umpire for NPZ, and umpire call third umpire for right decision, the following provisions shall also adopt (1) if batsmen played ball by bat in NPZ area four times shall Out.
(b) if batsmen played stroke and ball return in NPZ area without contact with the bat of the batsmen shall not be counted NPZ.
(c) if batsmen played stroke and ball return in NPZ area make contact suddenly or intentionally with a fielder, bowlers in NPZ area shall not be counted NPZ.
(d) if batsmen tried to play ball but ball no contact with bat and return into NPZ area, contact with pad and other part of body so it shall not be counted NPZ.
(e) both on-field umpires be unable to make a decision, the bowler's end umpire shall be entitled to refer the decision to the third umpire to review a TV replay(s) of the batsman's stroke played in NPZ area.
Scorers to be informed:
The umpires shall ensure that the scorers are informed of all agreements about hours of play and intervals, and of any changes made thereto as permitted under this Rules
1. Agreement of intervals:
(a) Before the toss:(b) In a match no specific time need be agreed for the drink interval. (b) Intervals for drinks may not be taken during the last hour of the match.
2. Changing agreed times for intervals - Interval between Innings:
The innings of the team batting second shall not commence before the scheduled time for commencement of the second session unless the team batting first has completed its innings at least 30 minutes prior to the scheduled interval, in which case a ten minute break will occur and the team batting second will commence its innings and the interval will occur as scheduled. Where play is delayed or interrupted the umpires will reduce the length of the interval as provisions Rules 15.3.
3. Time Lost Interval:
Up to 60 minutes 30 minutes between 60 and 120 minutes 20 minutes more than 120 minutes 10 minutes
4. Intervals for drinks:
(a) Two drinks breaks per session shall be permitted, each 1 hour 10 minutes apart. The provisions Rules shall be strictly observed except that under conditions of extreme heat the umpires may permit extra intervals for drinks.
(b) An individual player may be given a drink either on the boundary edge or at the fall of a wicket, on the field, provided that no playing time is wasted. No other drinks shall be taken onto the field without the permission of the umpires. Any player taking drinks onto the field shall be dressed in proper super-cricket attire.
Start of Play; Cessation of Play
1. Call of Play
The umpire at the bowler's end shall call Play at the start of the match and on the resumption of play after any interval or interruption.
2. Call of Time :
The umpire at the bowler's end shall call Time on the cessation of play before any interval or interruption of play and at the conclusion of the match. See Rules 27 (Appeals).
3. Removal of bails :
After the call of Time, the bails shall be removed from both wickets.
4. Starting a new over:
Another over shall always be started at any time during the match, if the umpire, after walking at his normal pace, has arrived at his position behind the stumps at the bowler's end before the time agreed for the next interval, or for the close of play, has been reached.
5. Last hour of match - interruptions of play:
If there is an interruption in play during the last hour of the match, the minimum number of overs to be bowled shall be reduced from 15 as follows.
(a) The time lost for an interruption is counted from the call of Time until the time for resumption of play as decided by the umpires.
(b) One over shall be deducted for every complete 3 minutes of time lost.
(c) In the case of more than one such interruption, the minutes lost shall not be aggregated; the calculation shall be made for each interruption separately.
(d) If, when one hour of playing time remains, an interruption is already in progress,
(i) only the time lost after this moment shall be counted in the calculation;
(ii) the over in progress at the start of the interruption shall be completed on resumption of play and shall not count as one of the minimum number of overs to be bowled.
(e) If, after the start of the last hour, an interruption occurs during an over, the over shall be completed on resumption of play. The two part-overs shall between them count as one over of the minimum number to be bowled.
6. Conclusion of match :
The match is concluded
(a) as soon as a result, as defined in sections 1,2,3 or 4 of Rules 21 (The result), is reached.
(b) as soon as both, if, without the match being concluded either as in (a) or in (b) above, the players leave the field, either for adverse conditions of ground, weather or light, or in exceptional circumstances, and no further play is possible thereafter.
7. Bowler unable to complete an over during last hour of match:
If, for any reason, a bowler is unable to complete an over during the last hour, Rules 22.8 (Bowler incapacitated or suspended during an over) shall apply.
Practice on the Field:
1. Practice on the field:
There shall be no bowling or batting practice on the pitch, or on the area parallel and immediately adjacent to the pitch, at any time on any day of the match.
2. Trial run up:
No bowler shall have a trial run up between the call of Play and the call of Time unless the umpire is satisfied that it will not cause any waste of time.
1. A run:
The score shall be reckoned by runs. A run is scored
(a) so often as the batsmen, at any time while the ball is in play, have crossed and made good their ground from end to end.
(b) when a boundary is scored. See Rules 19 (Boundaries).
(c) when penalty runs are awarded. See 6 below.
(d) when Lost ball is called. See Rules 20 (Lost ball).
2. Runs disallowed:
Notwithstanding 1 above, or any other provisions elsewhere in the Rules, the scoring of runs or awarding of penalties will be subject to any disallowance of runs provided for within the Rules that may be applicable.
3. Short runs:
(a) A run is short if a batsman fails to make good his ground on turning for a further run.
(b) Although a short run shortens the succeeding one, the latter if completed shall not be regarded as short. A striker taking stance in front of his popping crease may run from that point also without penalty.
4. Unintentional short runs:
Except in the circumstances of 5 below,
(a) if either batsman runs a short run, unless a boundary is scored the umpire concerned shall call and signal Short run as soon as the ball becomes dead and that run shall not be scored.
(b) if, after either or both batsmen runs short, a boundary is scored, the umpire concerned shall disregard the short running and shall not call or signal Short run.
(c) if both batsmen run short in one and the same run, this shall be regarded as only one short run. (d) if more than one run is short then, subject to (b) and (c) above, all runs so called shall not be scored. If there has been more than one short run the umpire shall inform the scorers as to the number of runs scored.
5. Deliberate short runs
Notwithstanding 4 above, if either umpire considers that either or both batsmen deliberately run short at his end, the following procedure shall be adopted
(i) the umpire concerned shall, when the ball is dead, warn the batsman or batsmen that the practice is unfair, indicate that this is a first and final warning and inform the other umpire of what has occurred. (ii) the batsmen shall return to their original ends. (iii) whether a batsman is dismissed or not, the umpire at the bowler's end shall disallow all runs to the batting side from that delivery other than the penalty for a No ball or Wide, or penalties under Rules 42, if applicable. (iv) the umpire at the bowler's end shall inform the scorers as to the number of runs scored.
6. Runs scored for penalties:
Runs shall be scored for penalties under 5 above and Rules 2.6 (Player returning without permission), Rules 24 (No ball), Rules 25 (Wide ball), Rules 41.2 (Fielding the ball), 41.3 (Protective helmets belonging to the fielding side) and Rules 42 (Fair and unfair play).
7. Runs scored for boundaries:
Runs shall be scored for boundary allowances under Rules 19 (Boundaries).
8. Runs scored for Lost ball:
Runs shall be scored when Lost ball is called under Rules 20 (Lost ball).
9. Batsman dismissed:
When either batsman is dismissed (a) any penalties to either side that may be applicable shall stand but no other runs shall be scored, except as stated in 10 below. Note, however, Rules 42.17(b) (Penalty runs).
(b) 12(a) below will apply if the method of dismissal is Caught, Handled the ball or Obstructing the field. 12(a) will also apply if a batsman is Run out, except in the circumstances of Rules 2.8 (Transgression of the Rules by a batsman who has a runner) where 12(b) below will apply.
(c) the not out batsman shall return to his original end except as stated in (b) above.
10. Runs scored when a batsman is dismissed:
In addition to any penalties to either side that may be applicable, if a batsman is
(a) dismissed Handled the ball, the batting side shall score the runs completed before the offence.
(b) dismissed Obstructing the field, the batting side shall score the runs completed before the offence. If, however, the obstruction prevents a catch from being made, no runs other than penalties shall be scored.
(c) dismissed Run out, the batting side shall score the runs completed before the dismissal. If, however, a striker with a runner is himself dismissed Run out, no runs other than penalties shall be scored. See Rules 2.8 (Transgression of the Rules by a batsman who has a runner).
11. Runs scored when ball becomes dead:
(a) When the ball becomes dead on the fall of a wicket, runs shall be scored as laid down in 9 and 10 above.
(b) When the ball becomes dead for any reason other than the fall of a wicket, or is called dead by an umpire, unless there is specific provision otherwise in the Rules, the batting side shall be credited with
(i) all runs completed by the batsmen before the incident or call and
(ii) the run in progress if the batsmen have crossed at the instant of the incident or call. Note specifically, however, the provisions of Rules 34.4(c) (Runs from ball lawfully struck more than once) and Rules 42.5(b)(iii) (Deliberate distraction or obstruction of batsman). and
(iii) any penalties that are applicable.
12. Batsman returning to wicket he has left:
(a) If, while the ball is in play, the batsmen have crossed in running, neither shall return to the wicket he has left, except as in (b) below.
(b) The batsmen shall return to the wickets they originally left in the cases of, and only in the cases of (i) a boundary; (ii) disallowance of runs for any reason; (ii) the dismissal of a batsman, except as in 9(b) above.
1. The boundary of the field of play:
(a) Before the toss, the umpires shall agree the boundary of the field of play with both captains. The boundary shall if possible be marked along its whole length.
(b) The boundary shall be agreed so that no part of any sight-screen is within the field of play.
(c) An obstacle or person within the field of play shall not be regarded as a boundary unless so decided by the umpires before the toss. See Rules 3.4(ii) (To inform captains and scorers).
2. Defining the boundary - boundary marking:
(a) Wherever practicable the boundary shall be marked by means of a white line or a rope laid along the ground.
(b) If the boundary is marked by an Arrange line,
(i) the inside edge of the line shall be the boundary edge.
(ii) a flag, post or board used merely to highlight the position of a line marked on the ground must be placed outside the boundary edge and is not itself to be regarded as defining or marking the boundary. Note, however, the provisions of (c) below.
(c) If a solid object is used to mark the boundary, it must have an edge or a line to constitute the boundary edge.
(i) For a rope, which includes any similar object of curved cross section lying on the ground, the boundary edge will be the line formed by the innermost points of the rope along its length.
(ii) For a fence, which includes any similar object in contact with the ground, but with a flat surface projecting above the ground, the boundary edge will be the base line of the fence.
(d) If the boundary edge is not defined as in (b) or (c) above, the umpires and captains must agree, before the toss, what line will be the boundary edge. Where there is no physical marker for a section of boundary, the boundary edge shall be the imaginary straight line joining the two nearest marked points of the boundary edge. (e) If a solid object used to mark the boundary is disturbed for any reason during play, then if possible it shall be restored to its original position as soon as the ball is dead. If this is not possible, then
(i) if some part of the fence or other marker has come within the field of play, that portion is to be removed from the field of play as soon as the ball is dead.
(ii) the line where the base of the fence or marker originally stood shall define the boundary edge.
3. Scoring a boundary:
(a) A boundary shall be scored and signalled by the umpire at the bowler's end whenever, while the ball is in play, in his opinion (i) the ball touches the boundary, or is grounded beyond the boundary. (ii) a fielder, with some part of his person in contact with the ball, touches the boundary or has some part of his person grounded beyond the boundary.
(b) The phrases 'touches the boundary' or 'touching the boundary' shall mean contact with either (i) the boundary edge as defined in 2 above or (ii) any person or obstacle within the field of play which has been designated a boundary by the umpires before the toss.
(c) The phrase 'grounded beyond the boundary' shall mean contact with either (i) any part of a line or a solid object marking the boundary, except its boundary edge or (ii) the ground outside the boundary edge or (iii) any object in contact with the ground outside the boundary edge.
4. Runs allowed for boundaries:
(a) Before the toss, the umpires shall agree with both captains the runs to be allowed for boundaries. In deciding the allowances, the umpires and captains shall be guided by the prevailing custom of the ground.
(b) Unless agreed differently under (a) above, the allowances for boundaries shall be Super Six (10) runs if the ball having been struck by the bat pitches beyond the boundary, but otherwise Six (6) runs. These allowances shall still apply even though the ball has previously touched a fielder. See also (c) below. (c) The ball shall be regarded as pitching beyond the boundary and Super Six (10) runs shall be scored if a fielder (i) has any part of his person touching the boundary or grounded beyond the boundary when he catches the ball. (ii) catches the ball and subsequently touches the boundary or grounds some part of his person beyond the boundary while carrying the ball but before completing the catch. See Rules 32 (Caught).
5. Runs scored:
When a boundary is scored,
(a) the penalty for a No ball or a Wide, if applicable, shall stand together with any penalties under any of Rules 2.6 (Player returning without permission), Rules 18.5(b) (Deliberate short runs) or Rules 42 (Fair and unfair play) that apply before the boundary is scored.
(b) the batting side, except in the circumstances of 6 below, shall additionally be awarded whichever is the greater of (i) the allowance for the boundary. (ii) the runs completed by the batsmen, together with the run in progress if they have crossed at the instant the boundary is scored. When these runs exceed the boundary allowance, they shall replace the boundary for the purposes of Rules 18.12 (Batsman returning to wicket he has left).
6. Overthrow or wilful act of fielder:
If the boundary results either from an overthrow or from the wilful act of a fielder the runs scored shall be (i) the penalty for a No ball or a Wide, if applicable, and penalties under any of Rules 2.6 (Player returning without permission), Rules 18.5(b) (Deliberate short runs) or Rules 42 (Fair and unfair play) that are applicable before the boundary is scored and (ii) the allowance for the boundary and (iii) the runs completed by the batsmen, together with the run in progress if they have crossed at the instant of the throw or act. Rules 18.12(a) (Batsman returning to the wicket he has left) shall apply as from the instant of the throw or act.
1. Fielder to call Lost ball:
If a ball in play cannot be found or recovered, any fielder may call Lost ball. The ball shall then become dead. See Rules 23.1 (Ball is dead). Rules 18.12 (Batsman returning to wicket he has left) shall apply as from the instant of the call.
2. Ball to be replaced:
The umpires shall replace the ball with one, which has had wear comparable with that which the previous ball had received before it was lost or became irrecoverable. See Rules 5.5 (Ball lost or becoming unfit for play).
3. Runs scored:
(a) The penalty for a No ball or a Wide, if applicable, shall stand, together with any penalties under any of Rules 2.6 (Player returning without permission), Rules 18.5(b) (Deliberate short runs) or Rules 42 (Fair and unfair play) that are applicable before the call of Lost ball.
(b) The batting side shall additionally be awarded either (i) the runs completed by the batsmen, together with the run in progress if they have crossed at the instant of the call, or (ii) Super Six (10) runs, whichever is the greater.
4. How scored:
1. A Win - one innings match:
The side which has scored in its one innings a total of runs in excess of that scored by the opposing side in its one completed innings shall win the match. Note also 5 below.
2. Umpires awarding a match:
(a) A match shall be lost by a side which either (i) concedes defeat or (ii) in the opinion of the umpires, refuses to play.
(b) If an umpire considers that an action by any player or players might constitute a refusal by either side to play then the umpires together shall ascertain the cause of the action. If they then decide together that this action does constitute a refusal to play by one side, they shall so inform the captain of that side. If the captain persists in the action the umpires shall award the match in accordance with (a)(ii) above.
(c) If action as in (b) above takes place after play has started and does not constitute a refusal to play (i) playing time lost shall be counted from the start of the action until play recommences, subject to Rules 15 (ii) the time for close of play on that day shall be extended by this length of time, subject to Rules 3.9 (Suspension of play for adverse conditions of ground, weather or light). (iii) if applicable, no overs shall be deducted during the last hour of the match solely on account of this time.
3. A Tie:
The result of a match shall be a Tie when the scores are equal at the conclusion of play, but only if the side batting last has completed its innings.
4. A Draw:
A match which is concluded, as defined in Rules 16.9 (Conclusion of a match), without being determined in any of the ways stated in ,2,3 or 4 above, shall count as a Draw.
5. Winning hit or extras:
(a) As soon as a match is concluded as defined in 5 above, it is at an end. Nothing that happens thereafter shall be regarded as part of the match. Note also 9 below.
(b) The side batting last will have scored enough runs to win only if its total of runs is sufficient without including any runs completed before the dismissal of the striker by the completion of a catch or by the obstruction of a catch.
(c) If a boundary is scored before the batsmen have completed sufficient runs to win the match, then the whole of the boundary allowance shall be credited to the side's total and, in the case of a hit by the bat, to the striker's score.
6. Statement of result:
If the side batting last wins the match, the result shall be stated as a win by the number of wickets still then to fall. If the other side wins the match, the result shall be stated as a win by runs. If the match is decided by one side conceding defeat or refusing to play, the result shall be stated as Match Conceded or Match Awarded as the case may be.
7. Correctness of result:
Any decision as to the correctness of the scores shall be the responsibility of the umpires. See Rules 3.15 (Correctness of scores).
8. Mistakes in scoring:
If, after the umpires and players have left the field in the belief that the match has been concluded, the umpires discover that a mistake in scoring has occurred which affects the result, then, subject to 10 below, they shall adopt the following procedure.
(a) If, when the players leave the field, the side batting last has not completed its innings, and either (i) the number of overs to be bowled in the last hour has not been completed.
(b) If, when the players leave the field, the overs have been completed and time has been reached, or if the side batting last has completed its innings, the umpires shall immediately inform both captains of the necessary corrections to the scores and to the result.
9. Result not to be changed:
Once the umpires have agreed with the scorers the correctness of the scores at the conclusion of the match - see Rules 3.15 (Correctness of scores) and Rules 4.2 (Correctness of scores) - the result cannot thereafter be changed.
Rules 22: The Over:
1. Number of balls:
The ball shall be bowled from each wicket alternately in overs of 5 balls.
2. Start of an over:
An over has started when the bowler starts his run up or, if he has no run up, his delivery action for the first delivery of that over.
3. Call of Over:
When 5 balls have been bowled other than those which are not to count in the over and as the ball becomes dead - see Rules 23 (Dead ball) - the umpire shall call Over before leaving the wicket.
4. Balls not to count in the over:
(a) A ball shall not count as one of the 5 balls of the over unless it is delivered, even though a batsman may be dismissed or some other incident occurs before the ball is delivered.
(b) A ball which is delivered by the bowler shall not count as one of the 5 balls of the over (i) if it is called dead, or is to be considered dead, before the striker has had an opportunity to play it See Rules 23 (Dead ball).
(ii) if it is a No ball. See Rules 24 (No ball).
(iii) if it is a Wide. See Rules 25 (Wide ball).
(iv) if it is called dead in the circumstances of either of Rules 23.3 (vi) (Umpire calling and signalling Dead ball) or Rules 42.4 (Deliberate attempt to distract striker).
5. Umpire miscounting:
If an umpire miscounts the number of balls, the over as counted by the umpire shall stand.
6. Bowler changing ends:
A bowler shall be allowed to change ends as often as desired, provided only that he does not bowl two overs, or parts thereof, consecutively in the same innings.
7. Finishing an over:
(a) Other than at the end of an innings, a bowler shall finish an over in progress unless he is incapacitated, or he is suspended under any of Rules 17.1 (Practice on the field), Rules 42.7 (Dangerous and unfair bowling - action by the umpire), Rules 42.9 (Time wasting by the fielding side), or Rules 42.12 (Bowler running on the protected area after delivering the ball).
(b) If for any reason, other than the end of an innings, an over is left uncompleted at the start of an interval or interruption of play, it shall be completed on resumption of play.
8. Bowler incapacitated or suspended during an over:
If for any reason a bowler is incapacitated while running up to bowl the first ball of an over, or is incapacitated or suspended during an over, the umpire shall call and signal Dead ball. Another bowler shall complete the over from the same end, provided that he does not bowl two overs, or parts thereof, consecutively in one innings.
Rules 23: Dead ball:
1. Ball is dead:
(a) The ball becomes dead when
(i) it is finally settled in the hands of the wicket-keeper or the bowler.
(ii) a boundary is scored. See Rules 19.3 (Scoring a boundary).
(iii) a batsman is dismissed.
(iv) whether played or not it becomes trapped between the bat and person of a batsman or between items of his clothing or equipment.
(v) whether played or not it lodges in the clothing or equipment of a batsman or the clothing of an umpire.
(vi) it lodges in a protective helmet worn by a member of the fielding side.
(vii) there is a contravention of either of Rules 41.2 (Fielding the ball) or 41.3 (Protective helmets belonging to the fielding side).
(viii) there is an award of penalty runs under Rules 2.6 (Player returning without permission).
(ix) Lost ball is called. See Rules 20 (Lost ball).
(x) the umpire calls Over or Time.
(b) The ball shall be considered to be dead when it is clear to the umpire at the bowler's end that the fielding side and both batsmen at the wicket have ceased to regard it as in play.
2. Ball finally settled:
Whether the ball is finally settled or not is a matter for the umpire alone to decide.
3. Umpire calling and signalling Dead ball:
(a) When the ball has become dead under 1 above, the bowler's end umpire may call Dead ball, if it is necessary to inform the players.
(b) Either umpire shall call and signal Dead ball when
(i) he intervenes in a case of unfair play.
(ii) a serious injury to a player or umpire occurs.
(iii) he leaves his normal position for consultation.
(iv) one or two or three bails fall from the striker's wicket before he has the opportunity of playing the ball.
(v) he is satisfied that for an adequate reason the striker is not ready for the delivery of the ball and, if the ball is delivered, makes no attempt to play it.
(vi) the striker is distracted by any noise or movement or in any other way while he is preparing to receive or receiving a delivery. This shall apply whether the source of the distraction is within the game or outside it. Note, however, the provisions of Rules 42.4 (Deliberate attempt to distract the striker). The ball shall not count as one of the over.
(vii) the bowler drops the ball accidentally before delivery.
(viii) the ball does not leave the bowler's hand for any reason other than an attempt to run out the non-striker before entering his delivery stride. See Rules 42.15 (Bowler attempting to run out non-striker before delivery).
(ix) he is required to do so under any of the Rules.
4. Ball ceases to be dead:
The ball ceases to be dead - that is, it comes into play - when the bowler starts his run up or, if he has no run up, his bowling action.
5. Action on call of Dead ball:
(a) A ball is not to count as one of the over if it becomes dead or is to be considered dead before the striker has had an opportunity to play it.
(b) If the ball becomes dead or is to be considered dead after the striker has had an opportunity to play the ball, except in the circumstances of 3(vi) above and Rules 42.4 (Deliberate attempt to distract striker), no additional delivery shall be allowed unless No ball or Wide has been called.
Rules 24: No ball:
1. Mode of delivery:
(a) The umpire shall ascertain whether the bowler intends to bowl right handed or left handed, over or round the wicket, and shall so inform the striker. It is unfair if the bowler fails to notify the umpire of a change in his mode of delivery. In this case, the umpire shall call and signal No ball.
(b) Underarm bowling shall not be permitted except by special agreement before the match.
2. Fair delivery - the arm:
For a delivery to be fair in respect of the arm the ball must not be thrown. See 3 below. Although it is the primary responsibility of the striker's end umpire to ensure the fairness of a delivery in this respect, there is nothing in this Rules to debar the bowler's end umpire from calling and signalling No ball if he considers that the ball has been thrown.
(a) If, in the opinion of either umpire, the ball has been thrown, he shall
(i) call and signal No ball.
(ii) caution the bowler, when the ball is dead. This caution shall apply throughout the innings.
(iii) inform the other umpire, the batsmen at the wicket, the captain of the fielding side and, as soon as practicable, the captain of the batting side of what has occurred.
(b) If either umpire considers that after such caution, a further delivery by the same bowler in that innings is thrown, the umpire concerned shall repeat the procedure set out in (a) above, indicating to the bowler that this is a final warning. This warning shall also apply throughout the innings.
(c) If either umpire considers that a further delivery by the same bowler in that innings is thrown,
(i) the umpire concerned shall call and signal No ball. When the ball is dead he shall inform the other umpire, the batsmen at the wicket and, as soon as practicable, the captain of the batting side of what has occurred.
(ii) the umpire at the bowler's end shall direct the captain of the fielding side to take the bowler off forthwith. The over shall be completed by another bowler, who shall neither have bowled the previous over nor be allowed to bowl the next over. The bowler thus taken off shall not bowl again in that innings.
(iii) the umpires together shall report the occurrence as soon as possible to the Executive of the fielding side and any Governing Body responsible for the match, who shall take such action as is considered appropriate against the captain and bowler concerned.
3. Definition of fair delivery - the arm:
A ball is fairly delivered in respect of the arm if, once the bowler's arm has reached the level of the shoulder in the delivery swing, the elbow joint is not straightened partially or completely from that point until the ball has left the hand. This definition shall not debar a bowler from flexing or rotating the wrist in the delivery swing.
4. Bowler throwing towards striker's end before delivery:
If the bowler throws the ball towards the striker's end before entering his delivery stride, either umpire shall call and signal No ball. See Rules 42.16 (Batsmen stealing a run). However, the procedure stated in 2 above of caution, informing, final warning, action against the bowler and reporting shall not apply.
5. Fair delivery - the feet:
For a delivery to be fair in respect of the feet, in the delivery stride
(i) the bowler's back foot must land within and not touching the return crease.
(ii) the bowler's front foot must land with some part of the foot, whether grounded or raised, behind the popping crease. If the umpire at the bowler's end is not satisfied that both these conditions have been met, he shall call and signal No ball.
6. Ball bouncing more than twice or rolling along the ground:
The umpire at the bowler's end shall call and signal No ball if a ball which he considers to have been delivered, without having previously touched the bat or person of the striker, either (i) bounces more than twice or (ii) rolls along the ground before it reaches the popping crease.
7. Ball coming to rest in front of striker's wicket:
If a ball delivered by the bowler comes to rest in front of the line of the striker's wicket, without having touched the bat or person of the striker, the umpire shall call and signal No ball and immediately call and signal Dead ball.
8. Call of No ball for infringement of other Rules:
In addition to the instances above, an umpire shall call and signal No ball as required by the following Rules.
Rules 40.3 - Position of wicket-keeper
Rules 41.5 - Limitation of on side fielders
Rules 41.6 - Fielders not to encroach on the pitch
Rules 42.6 - Dangerous and unfair bowling
Rules 42.7 - Dangerous and unfair bowling - action by the umpire
Rules 42.8 - Deliberate bowling of high full pitched balls.
9. Revoking a call of No ball:
An umpire shall revoke the call of No ball if the ball does not leave the bowler's hand for any reason.
10. No ball to over-ride Wide:
A call of No ball shall over-ride the call of Wide ball at any time. See Rules 25.1 (Judging a Wide) and 25.3 (Call and signal of Wide ball).
11. Ball not dead:
The ball does not become dead on the call of No ball.
12. Penalty for a No ball:
A penalty of one run shall be awarded instantly on the call of No ball. Unless the call is revoked this penalty shall stand even if a batsman is dismissed. It shall be in addition to any other runs scored, any boundary allowance and any other penalties awarded.
13. Runs resulting from a No ball - how scored:
The two runs penalty for a No ball shall be scored as a No ball extra. If other penalty runs have been awarded to either side, these shall be scored as in Rules 42.17 (Penalty runs). Any runs completed by the batsmen or a boundary allowance shall be credited to the striker if the ball has been struck by the bat; otherwise they also shall be scored as No ball extras. Apart from any award of a six run penalty, all runs resulting from a No ball, whether as No ball extras or credited to the striker, shall be debited against the bowler.
14. No ball not to count:
A No ball shall not count as one of the over. See Rules 22.4 (Balls not to count in the over).
15. Out from a No ball:
When No ball has been called, neither batsman shall be out under any of the Rules except Rules 33 (Handled the ball), Rules 34 (Hit the ball twice), Rules 37 (Obstructing the field) or Rules 38 (Run out).
Rules 25: Wide ball:
1. Judging a Wide:
(a) If the bowler bowls a ball, not being a No ball, the umpire shall adjudge it a Wide if according to the definition in (b) below, in his opinion, the ball passes wide of the striker where he is standing and would also have passed wide of him standing in a normal guard position.
(b) The ball will be considered as passing wide of the striker unless it is sufficiently within his reach for him to be able to hit it with his bat by means of a normal super-cricket stroke.
2. Delivery not a Wide:
The umpire shall not adjudge a delivery as being a Wide (a) if the striker, by moving, either (i) causes the ball to pass wide of him, as defined in 1(b) above or (ii) brings the ball sufficiently within his reach to be able to hit it with his bat by means of a normal super-cricket stroke. (b) if the ball touches the striker's bat or person.
3. Call and signal of Wide ball:
(a) If the umpire adjudges a delivery to be a Wide he shall call and signal Wide ball as soon as the ball passes the striker's wicket. It shall, however, be considered to have been a Wide from the instant of delivery, even though it cannot be called Wide until it passes the striker's wicket.
(b) The umpire shall revoke the call of Wide ball if there is then any contact between the ball and the striker's bat or person.
(c) The umpire shall revoke the call of Wide ball if a delivery is called a No ball. See Rules 24.10 (No ball to over-ride Wide).
4. Ball not dead:
The ball does not become dead on the call of Wide ball.
5. Penalty for a Wide:
A penalty of two runs shall be awarded instantly on the call of Wide ball. Unless the call is revoked (see 3 above), this penalty shall stand even if a batsman is dismissed, and shall be in addition to any other runs scored, any boundary allowance and any other penalties awarded.
6. Runs resulting from a Wide - how scored:
All runs completed by the batsmen or a boundary allowance, together with the penalty for the Wide, shall be scored as Wide balls. Apart from any award of a 8 run penalty, all runs resulting from a Wide ball shall be debited against the bowler.
7. Wide not to count:
A Wide shall not count as one of the over. See Rules 22.4 (Balls not to count in the over).
8. Out from a Wide:
When Wide ball has been called, neither batsman shall be out under any of the Rules except Rules 33 (Handled the ball), Rules 35 (Hit wicket), Rules 37 (Obstructing the field), Rules 38 (Run out) or Rules 39 (Stumped).
Rules 26: Bye and leg bye:
If the ball, not being a No ball or a Wide, passes the striker without touching his bat or person, any runs completed by the batsmen or a boundary allowance shall be credited as Byes to the batting side.
2. Leg byes:
(a) If the ball, not having previously touched the striker's bat, strikes his person and the umpire is satisfied that the striker has either (i) attempted to play the ball with his bat, or (ii) tried to avoid being hit by the ball, then any runs completed by the batsmen or a boundary allowance shall be credited to the batting side as Leg byes, unless No ball has been called.
(b) If No ball has been called, the runs in (a) above, together with the penalty for the No ball, shall be scored as No ball extras.
3. Leg byes not to be awarded:
If in the circumstances of 2(a) above, the umpire considers that neither of the conditions (i) and (ii) has been met, then Leg byes will not be awarded. The batting side shall not be credited with any runs from that delivery apart from the two runs penalty for a No ball if applicable. Moreover, no other penalties shall be awarded to the batting side when the ball is dead. See Rules 42.17 (Penalty runs). The following procedure shall be adopted.
(a) If no run is attempted but the ball reaches the boundary, the umpire shall call and signal Dead ball, and disallow the boundary. (b) If runs are attempted and if
(i) neither batsman is dismissed and the ball does not become dead for any other reason, the umpire shall call and signal Dead ball as soon as one run is completed or the ball reaches the boundary. The batsmen shall return to their original ends. The run or boundary shall be disallowed.
(ii) before one run is completed or the ball reaches the boundary, a batsman is dismissed, or the ball becomes dead for any reason, all the provisions of the Rules will apply, except that no runs and no penalties shall be credited to the batting side, other than the penalty for a No ball if applicable.
Rules 27: Appeals:
1. Umpire not to give batsman out without an appeal:
Neither umpire shall give a batsman out, even though he may be out under the Rules, unless appealed to by the fielding side. This shall not debar a batsman who is out under any of the Rules from leaving his wicket without an appeal having been made. Note, however, the provisions of 7 below.
2. Batsman dismissed:
A batsman is dismissed if either (a) he is given out by an umpire, on appeal or (b) he is out under any of the Rules and leaves his wicket as in 1 above.
3. Timing of appeals:
For an appeal to be valid it must be made before the bowler begins his run up or, if he has no run up, his bowling action to deliver the next ball, and before Time has been called. The call of Over does not invalidate an appeal made prior to the start of the following over provided Time has not been called. See Rules 16.2 (Call of Time) and Rules 22.2 (Start of an over).
4. Appeal "How's That?":
An appeal "How's That?" covers all ways of being out.
5. Answering appeals:
The umpire at the bowler's end shall answer all appeals except those arising out of any of Rules 35 (Hit wicket), Rules 39 (Stumped) or Rules 38 (Run out) when this occurs at the striker's wicket. A decision Not out by one umpire shall not prevent the other umpire from giving a decision, provided that each is considering only matters within his jurisdiction. When a batsman has been given Not out, either umpire may, within his jurisdiction, answer a further appeal provided that it is made in accordance with 3 above.
6. Consultation by umpires:
Each umpire shall answer appeals on matters within his own jurisdiction. If an umpire is doubtful about any point that the other umpire may have been in a better position to see, he shall consult the latter on this point of fact and shall then give his decision. If, after consultation, there is still doubt remaining the decision shall be Not out.
7. Batsman leaving his wicket under a misapprehension:
An umpire shall intervene if satisfied that a batsman, not having been given out, has left his wicket under a misapprehension that he is out. The umpire intervening shall call and signal Dead ball to prevent any further action by the fielding side and shall recall the batsman.
8. Withdrawal of an appeal:
The captain of the fielding side may withdraw an appeal only with the consent of the umpire within whose jurisdiction the appeal falls and before the outgoing batsman has left the field of play. If such consent is given the umpire concerned shall, if applicable, revoke his decision and recall the batsman.
9. Umpire's decision:
An umpire may alter his decision provided that such alteration is made promptly. This apart, an umpire's decision, once made, is final.
Rules 28: The wicket is down:
1. Wicket put down:
(a) The wicket is put down if a bail is completely removed from the top of the stumps, or a stump is struck out of the ground by
(i) the ball.
(ii) the striker's bat, whether he is holding it or has let go of it.
(iii) the striker's person or by any part of his clothing or equipment becoming detached from his person.
(iv) a fielder, with his hand or arm, providing that the ball is held in the hand or hands so used, or in the hand of the arm so used.
The wicket is also put down if a fielder pulls a stump out of the ground in the same manner.
(b) The disturbance of a bail, whether temporary or not, shall not constitute its complete removal from the top of the stumps, but if a bail in falling lodges between two of the stumps this shall be regarded as complete removal.
2. One bail off:
If one bail is off, it shall be sufficient for the purpose of putting the wicket down to remove the remaining bail, or to strike or pull any of the three stumps out of the ground, in any of the ways stated in 1 above.
3. Remaking the wicket:
If the wicket is broken or put down while the ball is in play, the umpire shall not remake the wicket until the ball is dead. See Rules 23 (Dead ball). Any fielder, however, may
(i) replace a bail or bails on top of the stumps.
(ii) put back one or more stumps into the ground where the wicket originally stood.
4. Dispensing with bails:
If the umpires have agreed to dispense with bails, in accordance with Rules 8.5 (Dispensing with bails), the decision as to whether the wicket has been put down is one for the umpire concerned to decide.
(a) After a decision to play without bails, the wicket has been put down if the umpire concerned is satisfied that the wicket has been struck by the ball, by the striker's bat, person, or items of his clothing or equipment separated from his person as described in 1(a)(ii) or 1(a)(iii) above, or by a fielder with the hand holding the ball or with the arm of the hand holding the ball.
(b) If the wicket has already been broken or put down, (a) above shall apply to any stump or stumps still in the ground. Any fielder may replace a stump or stumps, in accordance with 3 above, in order to have an opportunity of putting the wicket down.
Rules 29: Batsman out of his ground:
1. When out of his ground:
A batsman shall be considered to be out of his ground unless his bat or some part of his person is grounded behind the popping crease at that end.
2. Which is a batsman's ground:
(a) If only one batsman is within a ground
(i) it is his ground.
(ii) it remains his ground even if he is later joined there by the other batsman.
(b) If both batsmen are in the same ground and one of them subsequently leaves it, (a)(i) above applies.
(c) If there is no batsman in either ground, then each ground belongs to whichever of the batsmen is nearer to it, or, if the batsmen are level, to whichever was nearer to it immediately prior to their drawing level.
(d) If a ground belongs to one batsman, then, unless there is a striker with a runner, the other ground belongs to the other batsman irrespective of his position.
(e) When a batsman with a runner is striker, his ground is always that at the wicket-keeper's end. However, (a), (b), (c) and (d) above will still apply, but only to the runner and the non-striker, so that that ground will also belong to either the non-striker or the runner, as the case may be.
3. Position of non-striker:
The batsman at the bowler's end should be positioned on the opposite side of the wicket to that from which the ball is being delivered, unless a request to do otherwise is granted by the umpire
Rules 30: Bowled:
1. Out Bowled:
(a) The striker is out Bowled if his wicket is put down by a ball delivered by the bowler, not being a No ball, even if it first touches his bat or person.
(b) Notwithstanding (a) above he shall not be out Bowled if before striking the wicket the ball has been in contact with any other player or with an umpire. He will, however, be subject to Rules 33 (Handled the ball), Rules 37 (Obstructing the field), Rules 38 (Run out) and Rules 39 (Stumped).
2. Bowled to take precedence:
The striker is out Bowled if his wicket is put down as in 1 above, even though a decision against him for any other method of dismissal would be justified.